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Bangladesh; Researching a family tree

Tracing one's family history can be a fascinating and rewarding experience, but it can also be a challenging one, particularly when researching a family from a different country.

Recently, I had the opportunity to help a friend complete their family tree for a family from Bangladesh, using information and country history to guide our research.

Manikganj District, Bangladesh
Manikganj District, Bangladesh

First, we gathered as much information as possible from family members, including names, birthdates, and locations. We then used online genealogy databases and archives to search for birth, marriage, and death records, as well as immigration and naturalization documents. While some of the records were in Bengali, I was able to use translation tools to decipher them.

Next, we delved into the history of Bangladesh to better understand the context of our research. We learned about the region's early civilizations, including the Indus Valley Civilization, and its later periods of Mughal and British rule. We also researched the 1971 war for independence and its impact on the region.

With this knowledge, I was able to identify key historical events and movements that may have affected our family's history. For example, we learned that many families from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) migrated to India during the 1947 partition, and some may have later returned to Bangladesh after independence in 1971.


Using this information, we were able to track down additional family members and fill in missing pieces of the family tree. We also gained a greater appreciation for the rich cultural heritage and complex history of Bangladesh.

Overall, completing a family tree for a family from Bangladesh required both careful research and an understanding of the country's history and culture.


By combining these elements, we were able to uncover a wealth of information and provide a deeper understanding of our friend's family history.


A short history of Bangladesh


Bangladesh, located in South Asia, has a rich and diverse genealogical history. The region now known as Bangladesh was once part of several empires and kingdoms, each leaving its own mark on the culture and heritage of the region.


One of the earliest civilizations in the region was the Indus Valley Civilization, which existed around 2500 BCE. The region was also ruled by the Mauryan Empire, the Gupta Empire, and the Pala Empire, among others.

Bangladesh National Flag
Bangladesh National Flag

Bangladesh history is very rich, in the 18th century, the British East India Company began to establish its dominance over the Indian subcontinent, including the region now known as Bangladesh.


The East India Company was a British trading company that was granted a monopoly on trade with India by Queen Elizabeth I in 1600. Over time, the company grew in power and influence, and by the 18th century, it had become the de facto ruler of much of India.

In 1757, the East India Company defeated the Nawab of Bengal in the Battle of Plassey, and as a result, the company gained control of Bengal, which included present-day Bangladesh. The East India Company continued to expand its control over the region, and by the mid-19th century, all of present-day Bangladesh was part of British India.




Under British rule, Bangladesh underwent significant economic and social changes. The British introduced modern technologies such as railroads, telegraph lines, and irrigation systems, which helped to transform the region's economy.

Lalbagh Fort, Lalbagh Road, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Lalbagh Fort, Dhaka, Bangladesh

However, British rule was also marked by political repression and economic exploitation, which contributed to widespread poverty and social unrest.

During the 20th century, the people of Bangladesh became increasingly involved in the Indian independence movement, which sought to end British rule.


In 1947, India and Pakistan were partitioned, and Bengal was divided along religious lines, with the predominantly Muslim eastern region becoming East Pakistan. However, tensions between East and West Pakistan continued to grow, leading to a war of independence in 1971, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh as an independent nation.


Bangladesh today?

  • Bangladesh is now a parliamentary democracy with a population of over 160 million people.

  • The country has made significant progress in reducing poverty and improving living standards over the past few decades.

  • However, Bangladesh still faces many challenges, including corruption, political instability, and environmental degradation.

  • The country is also vulnerable to natural disasters such as floods, cyclones, and earthquakes.

  • Despite these challenges, Bangladesh has a growing economy and a thriving garment industry that is a major source of employment and exports.

  • The country is also known for its vibrant culture, including its music, literature, and cuisine.



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